Windows or Linux: select the best operating system

Windows and Linux are two of the most popular operating systems that computer users often compare, and thus they try to figure out which of these operating systems is optimal. In this article, we will describe the strengths and weaknesses as well as the peculiarities of both options. We will also name the best system for a particular user, such as Windows or Linux.

Windows

Windows is the most popular operating system in the world. 85 % of the planet’s computers have this operating system. This high level of popularity is the result of several strengths of this OS, such as:

  • compatibility with any software;
  • simple installation of the system and an interface that is easy to perceive;
  • an extensive community that helps users find solutions to problems or bugs;
  • regular updates of all current versions of the OS.

Our next task is to describe the second version of OS, which will help us find the answer to the question of whether Windows or Linux is the best option.

Linux

Only 3% of the world’s computers have this system. This is why it is significantly inferior to the popularity of both Windows and another OS called MacOS. However, this OS has several strengths, such as:

  • availability of dozens of distributions with different functions for any task;
  • a fully free license that allows you to buy and pay distribution;
  • this OS does not collect user data and has free code;
  • OS has a high performance even in the case of unproductive computers;
  • a user has control over all activities within this OS.

Thus, Linux is better than Windows due to its security, the ability of the sharp setting system for a particular user’s queries, and free distribution. At the same time, only advanced users will be able to start using this system without difficulty.

Optimal OS

Therefore, we will not be able to answer this issue. In addition, the question of why Linux is better than Windows remains unanswered. You may have different computer uses and the reason for which the OS option depends. Windows will be good for all those users who plan to use it for everyday use. A light and developed operating system will be understandable even to those people who know nothing about IT.

If you want to completely regulate the system and dream of the safety of its operation and high operating speed, then the Linux system will be the ideal choice for your purposes.

If you plan to find the answer to the question of which of the two operating systems is better, you can install both Windows and Linux on your computer at once. This will allow you to choose one of two options right during the boot phase of the OS.

Advantages and disadvantages of the Linux operating system

The Linux operating system has its advantages and disadvantages, as do any other operating system. You have to remember them before you transit to a new operating system.

Advantages of the Linux operating system

Linux’s great demand comes from its several big advantages.

  • Free OS. Any Internet user can download, install, and use this operating system free of charge, as well as modify Linux in their own way and distribute digital copies.
  • Big community. This OS has thousands of fans, including developers who create new distributions, post online updates for existing Linux versions for download, develop drivers, and help newcomers.
  • Big developer support. Many GNU/Linux distributions work well on older versions of computers. In this, they surpass macOS and Windows. Develop drivers for the correct operation of all known versions of computers.
  • Low exactingness. You can use the OS on the server with 100 MB of RAM and no GUI at all, with Linux running correctly.

The advantages and disadvantages of the Linux operating system should not stop you from using this software if you need it for your own development.

Disadvantages of the Linux operating system

Some users are disappointed after the transition to one of the variants of the Linux operating system. The reason for this is a few shortcomings of this software.

  • It is difficult to use. Users who transit to Linux after Windows or macOS. This system has a completely unique structure.
  • Custom software is not available. You will not be able to use programs like Adobe Photoshop or Microsoft Word. However, Linux developers have long created analogs for these programs, which are equally high functioning.
  • Gaming problems. Not all gameplay applications function correctly on a Linux operating system. Nevertheless, that’s not a problem: now developers are working on this problem.

You have to consider all the advantages and disadvantages of Linux, and so it’s a tool for doing a certain range of tasks.

Linux operating system creator: summary

Linux is a large family of core-based operating systems that have been very popular with Internet users and supercomputers for almost 20 years. The most important advantages of this operating system are unlimited customization, free download, and compatibility with dozens of different processor architectures. However, in this article, we will not talk about the benefits of Linux. Our main character is the creator of this system.

Founder of the first Linux system

The creator of Linux is Linus Thorwald, born in 1969. Both of his parents were journalists, but their son gave preference to the exact sciences of physics and mathematics during school. The future creator of Linux entered the University of Helsinki in 1988. He graduated with a master’s degree in cybernetics after eight years. But the history of the Linux operating system began even earlier. This was in 1981, when Linus’ grandfather first introduced him to the Commodore VIC-20 computer, which was the basis for complex mathematical computing. This encouraged Linus and his interest in programming.

The future creator of Linux bought his own computer, the Sinclair QL, which at the time was worth 2,000 USD. Thorwald was inspired by the book «Operating systems: development and implementation», which Andrew Tanenbaum wrote (creator of OS Minix). Linus was disappointed with some of the shortcomings of his software. This gave Linus the start of creating his own terminal emulator. In this way, a simple function has passed into a huge range of software possibilities and options that became like a real operating system.

Linux operating system history

The first version of Linux was published by this man on September 17, 1991. The release was well received by the public, and in a matter of months, thousands of programmers learned who created the Linux operating system. People appreciated the benefits of this and built their own modernizations.

Today, hundreds of different distributions exist that are designed for specific tasks. There are versions for installing on servers, workstations, supercomputers, mobile devices, and even game consoles. Brazil, China, and India are countries, which “love” Linux more than other ones. Linus Thorwald, however, uses the Fedora distribution.

The benefits ОS Debian

Debian is the name of a Linux-based operating system. It consists of completely free and open-source software. Debian GNU is currently considered one of the most popular and influential distributions on Linux. The earliest version of this OS has had a huge impact on all other Linux types. Debian GNU on Hurd is another version of this operating system.

The Debian OS is very popular in today’s professional world. It has a huge storage of libraries and utilities ready for use. This system can find competitors who, however, cannot compete with it in the number of supported architectures. Among such competitors are the ARM, which owners of all integrated devices use, and the IBM S/390, which mainframe owners use (not to mention x86-64). A variety of tools are involved in the operation of the storage. APT is the most popular tool. This is the Advanced Packaging Tool.

Debian is the name that the developers got by writing the names of the founders of the project, namely Ian Murdock and his wife Debra Lynn. The Debian operating system was an excellent incentive for many distributions, including Linux Mint, antiX, Ubuntu, and Maemo.

The specifics of ОS Ubuntu

Ubuntu is an operating system based on the Debian Linux core. It is versatile and comfortable. It is ideal for use on laptops, desktops, and web servers. This OS includes all necessary utilities that the user needs. These include Internet surfing applications, a suite of office applications to work with text files and presentations, Internet communication, and spreadsheets.

All programs for this OS are available for download with open code, and this fact is consistent with the main goals of Linux creators and especially Ubuntu. Among them are the following features:

  • All versions of the Ubuntu operating system are available for free download. These include those for corporate use that require network security updates.
  • Ubuntu has full software with all the necessary software from the development studio Canonical as well as hundreds of other studios from all over the world.
  • Ubuntu has all the tools and techniques that will make it easier for people with disabilities to interact with this operating system. Disks with the operating systems do not contain only free software.
Brief description of the ОS Linux Mint

The Linux Mint operating system is the newest development of Linux-based operating systems based on Debian and Ubuntu. The operating system was created and sponsored by a team of developers as well as directly by the user community. The main purpose of creating a version of Mint and the entire Linux is the desire of programmers to present to the world a modern, convenient, and practical operating system that is both simple and understandable to use, as well as delighting the user with its capabilities.

Mint is the version of Linux that did this in the best way. Simplicity is the main operating principle of this OS. You will have no difficulty using this OS, unlike Windows 10 or 8. Linux Mint and its installing will allow you to start listening to music or watching movies. The reason for this is the presence of drivers, players, and codecs on the OS.

This operating system has full support for various multimedia formats. It is also available for download as a bundle with a large list of open source programs for all occasions. Clement Lefebvre is the founder of the project, who together with a team of enthusiasts improves the system by receiving donations from users and sponsors for their work.